Female genital cutting (FGC) & cervical screening: A guide for practitioners

PROGRAM, First published 2017

The World Health Organization defines female genital cutting (FGC) as ‘all procedures that include partial or total removal of female genital organs or other injury to female genital organs for non-medical reasons’.

‘Female genital mutilation’ is the term used in Australian and Victorian legislation, but the preferred way to refer to the practice using culturally sensitive language is ‘female circumcision’ or ‘traditional cutting’. The age at which this occurs varies from infancy to 15 years.

The practice is referred to as FGC throughout this document.

This 2-page guideline document includes facts about prevalance, type, appropriate questioning, examination technique, and more.


West African HIV-2 prevalence associated with lower historical male circumcision rate

Medical News Today, 

Cities with substantial uncircumcised populations in 1950 tended to have higher HIV-2 prevalence from 1985.

In West African cities, male circumcision rates in 1950 were negatively correlated with HIV-2 prevalence from 1985, according to a study published in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by João Sousa from the University of Leuven, Belgium, and colleagues.

  • Read more here
  • Access journal paper (open access) here

My Body, My Rights – Female Genital Mutilation

Sarian Karim Kamara at Fuuse Forum, Published on 24 Jan 2016

For many years, the problem of FGM has been treated as almost too delicate to address: while laws may be changed, prosecutions rarely follow. More importantly, the necessary safeguarding and prevention measures in schools and in systems of healthcare are underdeveloped. This complacency has been partly justified by a wish to avoid upsetting the sensitivities of minority communities. However, a new generation of activists are leading the battle from inside their own communities, bringing a new urgency and passion to combatting this form of violence against women.

The activists taking part in this Fuuse Forum represent this courageous new wave of anti-FGM activism, developed by women within the affected communities, standing up for their rights over their own bodies against the weight of tradition and identity.

Sarian Karim Kamara is a Community Development worker, Community facilitator, an activist and anti FGM campaigner. She is also a survivor of FGM.

Here she speaks about her FGM story, at the FUUSE forum on “My Body, My Rights – Female Genital Mutilation”.

(Watch embedded video below in this post)


Female Genital Mutilation comprises all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for nonmedical
reasons (WHO). It is also sometimes referred to as female genital cutting or female circumcision.
The forum will consist of a presentation on the topic, a personal experience of FGM and a panel discussion. The aim is to provide participants with a better understanding of FGM. We will explore where, when, how and why FGM is practised, and ways of responding to those at risk and survivors in South Australia.

Panel members include:
> Jan Williams (Clinical Services Coordinator, Migrant Health Service)
> Gillian Kariuki (Social Worker, Women’s & Children’s Health Network)
> Ifrah Warsame (Multicultural Youth Drive)
> Kim Voss (Social Worker, Women’s & Children’s Health Network)
When 19 February 2016 (Friday)
Where SHine SA, 64c Woodville Road, Woodville
Time 1.30 – 4.30 pm
Cost $50 (Student Concession $25)
Light refreshments provided.

Closing date for enrolment: Wednesday 17 February
Enquiries Phone 8300 5317 / Email shinesacourses@shinesa.org.au

Download flyer (PDF) here: ReFRESH-FGM

Enrol here

A service coordination guide: Improving the health care of women and girls affected by female genital mutilation/cutting

Family Planning Victoria, 2014

This national resource supports health and community service providers in all states and territories, who work with women and girls affected by female genital mutilation/ cutting (FGM/C). It provides them with the information they need to talk with women and girls about FGM/C and its potential impact on their health and wellbeing.


– Introduction and policy context
– Understanding female genital mutilation/ cutting
– Working with women and girls
– Service coordination partnerships and training

  • Download resource (PDF, 34 pages) here
  • Download care plan flowchart only (PDF, 10 pages) here
  • Download South Australian information and referral services guide (PDF, 1 page) here

*Please note there is now a specific category for FGM in SASHA*

e-learning package on Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) for health profesionals

Women and Newborn Health Service, North Metropolitan Area Health Service, WA Health Dept, revised 2013

This e-learning package was developed to assist health professionals to update their knowledge of female genital mutilation.

It is recommended that all health professionals working with families and babies complete this package.

Reading of all included links and activities, the package will take approximately 1 hour to complete.

Successful completion of the included quiz will direct you to an evaluation survey and certificate.

This package may be viewed on a mobile device (iPad, smartphone, tablet). iPad users will be prompted to download the free ‘Articulate Mobile Player’ from iTunes. Instructions for accessing the certificate for iPad users are available within the package.

Access the e-learning package here