Is the world becoming more gay-friendly?

via BBC 29/05/2019

When Taiwan became the first place in Asia to legalise same-sex unions, hundreds of gay people marked the occasion by registering to marry.

It marked a significant change on the island, where the majority of people only relatively recently became supportive of same-sex relationships.

In many other places there has also been a shift – often a rapid one – towards more liberal attitudes. But these changes do not always mean full equality.

Homophobia is harmful to workers and businesses

The Conversation, March 21, 2017 12.21pm AEDT

Homophobia is costly to workers and the businesses that employ them, research shows.

Businesses increasingly recognise that homophobia and transphobia limit their organisation’s ability to attract and retain a high calibre workforce and is hurting their bottom-line.

Read more here 

 

The quality and effectiveness of interventions that target multiple risk factors among young people

Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 2016, doi:10.1111/1753-6405.12573

Abstract

Objective: To identify evaluations of interventions that target multiple risk factors in high-risk young people, describe their characteristics, critique their methodological quality and summarise their effectiveness.

Methods: A search of the literature published between 2009 and 2014 identified 13 evaluations of interventions that targeted multiple risk factors, compared to 95 evaluations that targeted single risk factors. The methodological adequacy of the 13 evaluation studies was analysed using the Quality Assessment Tool for Quantitative Studies and information regarding characteristics and intervention effectiveness was extracted and summarised.

Results: There were very few outcome evaluation studies of interventions that targeted multiple risk factors, relative to single risk factors, among high-risk young people. Of the identified studies, half were methodologically weak. Interventions delivered in community settings targeted a greater number of risk factors, while those delivered in a school or health setting reported a higher proportion of statistically significant outcomes. No economic analyses were conducted.

Conclusions and Implications for Public Health: More methodologically rigorous evaluations of interventions targeting multiple risk factors among high-risk young people are required, especially for those delivered in community settings. Four key areas for improvement are: i) more precisely defining the risk factors experienced by high-risk young people; ii) achieving greater consistency across interventions; iii) standardising outcome measures; and iv) conducting economic analyses.

Full text (open access) here 

For African migrants in Europe, destitution shapes sexual behaviour and HIV risk

nam, 1 December 2015

For African migrants recently arrived in France, periods without a residence permit, secure housing or enough money are very common and are associated with transactional and casual sexual relationships, especially in women, Annabel Desgrées du Loû and colleagues report in AIDS. Moreover one third of those living with HIV seroconverted after arriving in the country and the destitution experienced appears to have contributed to those infections.

Read more here

 

Needle Exchange May Have Prevented More Than 100 New HIV Infections in Washington DC, Saving $44 Million

hivandhepatitis.com, 08 September 2015

A federal policy change allowing funding of syringe exchange programs in Washington, DC, averted 120 new HIV infections relative to the number that likely would have occurred had the funding ban remained in place, saving approximately $44 million, according to a mathematical modeling study published in the September 4 edition of AIDS and Behavior.

Read more here

 

Stepping Stones: Legal barriers to economic equality after family violence

Women’s Legal Service Victoria, Melbourne , 2015

From Executive Summary:

Legal and economic problems arise from family violence which result in serious financial hardship for women and, at present, there are no accessible legal remedies to these problems.

We have researched the problems in the Stepping Stones project. This report contains the findings of the project and recommendations for solutions.
In interviews with women, we explored the consequences of family violence on women’s financial circumstances. We specifically directed our attention to systemic barriers women faced in their economic recovery.”

Download report (PDF) here