Efficacy of Contraceptive Methods chart – new edition 2019

Family Planning Alliance Australia, 2019

How effective is each contraceptive method? This revised chart compares methods of contraception for their efficacy. 

The figures have been derived by expert consensus using results from a variety of studies, selecting figures from studies which appear to be most comparable to Australian conditions.

Contraception for women living with violence

Children by Choice, Last modified on: 22 May 2017

Contraceptive use is often compromised for women living with violence. 

Contraceptive options that are safe and appropriate for one woman may not work for another. If you’re working with women experiencing violence, it’s important to explore each woman’s unique circumstances and draw on her own knowledge to assess the degree of comfort and safety with her contraceptive options.

Important factors to consider include whether the perpetrator is likely to:

  • Monitor the woman’s Medicare or prescription records through her MyGov account;
  • Restrict or monitor access to health care professionals;
  • Monitor menstruation and fertility patterns;
  • Engage in severe physical assaults;
  • Be actively searching for the use of contraceptive drugs or devices; and/or
  • Engage in rape and other forms of sexual assault.

This guide is not intended to replace a full medical consultation with a professional, but does provide a starting point for thinking further about which contraceptive options might be safest and most appropriate given an individual patient’s or client’s circumstances.

  • Read more here
  • Download full resource (PDF) here 

 

Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance: United States

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, June 10, 2016

The CDC has released the report: Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance —  United States 2015.

The Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System monitors six categories of priority health behaviors among youth and young adults: 1) behaviors that contribute to unintentional injuries and violence; 2) tobacco use; 3) alcohol and other drug use; 4) sexual behaviors related to unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection; 5) unhealthy dietary behaviors; and 6) physical inactivity.
A national school-based Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) is conducted by CDC and  by state and local education and health agencies. This report summarizes results for 118 health behaviors from surveys conducted among students in grades 9–12.

Relating to sex, the following behaviours were summarised:

Sexual Behaviors Related to Unintended Pregnancy and Sexually Transmitted Infections, Including HIV Infection
  • Ever Had Sexual Intercourse
  • Had First Sexual Intercourse Before Age 13 Years
  • Had Sexual Intercourse with Four or More Persons During Their Life
  • Currently Sexually Active
  • Condom Use
  • Birth Control Pill Use
  • IUD or Implant Use
  • Shot, Patch, or Birth Control Ring Use
  • Birth Control Pill; IUD or Implant; or Shot, Patch, or Birth Control Ring Use
  • Condom Use and Birth Control Pill; IUD or Implant; or Shot, Patch, or Birth Control Ring Use
  • Did Not Use Any Method to Prevent Pregnancy
  • Drank Alcohol or Used Drugs Before Last Sexual Intercourse
  • Tested for HIV

Behaviors that Contribute to Violence

  • Forced to Have Sexual Intercourse
  • Physical Dating Violence
  • Sexual Dating Violence
Many high school students are engaged in sexual risk behaviors related to unintended pregnancies and STIs, including HIV infection.
Nationwide, 41.2% of students had ever had sexual intercourse, 30.1% had had sexual intercourse during the 3 months before the survey (i.e., currently sexually active), and 11.5% had had sexual intercourse with four or more persons during their life. Among
currently sexually active students, 56.9% had used a condom during their last sexual intercourse.

Download report (PDF) here

The all-in-one solution to sexual health is on its way

The Conversation, December 3, 2015 3.32pm AEDT

Enabling women to maintain good reproductive health requires innovative and improved prevention technologies. A revolutionary class of women’s sexual and reproductive health prevention products is being developed and may prove to be the linchpin to achieve the sustainable development goals that relate to women’s health.

Multipurpose Prevention Technologies, more commonly known as MPTs, are a new class of product in development. They deliver varying method combinations to simultaneously prevent HIV, sexually transmitted infections and unplanned pregnancies.

Read more here

 

New approach to women’s HIV prevention being studied in U.S. teens

UAB News, June 17, 2015

Researchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham continue efforts to find safe and effective HIV-prevention methods with a new study in female U.S. teens.

The latest study to be led by UAB, MTN-023/IPM 030, is a Phase IIa study evaluating the safety and acceptability of a vaginal ring containing an antiretroviral (ARV) drug called dapivirine among teenage girls ages 15-17 in the United States.

Read more here