Gay and other men who have sex with men (MSM) recently diagnosed with early syphilis are a priority group for HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), results of a study published in Sexually Transmitted Infections suggest.
Over two years of follow-up, 11% of men diagnosed with early syphilis subsequently became infected with HIV. Incidence of rectal sexually transmitted infections and syphilis re-infection was also high.
“Our study highlights early syphilis as a risk factor for HIV acquisition in MSM,” write the investigators. “Intensive risk reduction and PrEP would be beneficial for HIV-negative MSM with early syphilis by reducing their risk of HIV acquisition.”
There is a very high incidence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) re-infection among HIV-positive men who have sex with men (MSM) in western Europe, according to research presented to the International Liver Congress in Barcelona.
Investigators found that a quarter of HIV-positive MSM who cleared an initial HCV infection were re-infected with HCV within three years. The researchers believe that current prevention strategies are failing and call for the intensive monitoring of people who have apparently cleared an HCV infection.
While there are no guarantees in life, once someone has been pronounced cured of hepatitis C virus (HCV), the declaration that the virus is gone for good is quite near certain. Hopefully someone who has made it to this point can feel secure in the knowledge that they have indeed started a new, healthier chapter.
However, there are two reasons why a cure might not be permanent: relapse or reinfection.