Koala retrovirus leads scientists to discover ‘second immune system’

ABC Science, 12/10/2019

The retrovirus spreading through the koala population is bad news. But studies of the koala infection have led scientists to a surprising discovery: a “second immune system” in the species, according to research published on Saturday in the journal Cell.

This system, which the researchers think exists in all mammals, has a role fighting off viruses that are in the same class as deadly human diseases such as HIV. This “second immune system” may illuminate new ways to treat HIV, said Damian Purcell, who heads up virology research at the Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity.

HIV vaccine research: Adelaide team achieves ‘glimpse in right direction’

ABC News, 21.11.16

Progress toward vaccinating people against HIV infection has been announced by Adelaide researchers.

A team from the University of Adelaide and the Basil Hetzel Institute at Adelaide’s Queen Elizabeth Hospital used a combined vaccination approach, researcher Dr Branka Grubor-Bauk explained.

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  • Access article in Nature Scientific Reports (open access) here

Science & Health Scabies Research Breakthrough Will Help Remote Indigenous Australian Communities

Gizmodo, 15/2/16

Australian researchers have used cutting-edge genome technologies to reveal the genetic makeup of a widespread skin parasite causing serious health problems in Aboriginal communities. The research team identified the genetic ‘map’ of the human parasitic scabies mite, accelerating research that could lead to new ways of preventing and treating scabies infestations and prevent lifelong complications for people in remote Aboriginal communities.

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‘Elite controllers’ may provide clues for HIV cure (NHS Analysis)

NHS Choices, Wednesday November 5 2014
“Scientists have uncovered the genetic mechanism which appeared to have led two HIV-infected men to experience a ‘spontaneous cure’,” the Mail Online reports.
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HIV pandemic originated in Kinshasa in the 1920s, say scientists

The Guardian,

A “perfect storm” of urban change that began in 1920s Kinshasa led to the catastrophic spread of HIV across Africa and into the wider world, according to scientists who used genetic sequencing and historical records to trace the origins of the pandemic.

 

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HPV urine test could screen for cervical cancer

NHS Choices, Wednesday September 17 2014

Research found urine-based testing for HPV DNA showed signs it might be accurate enough to provide a viable screening method, given further research and development.

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