People with HIV often show persistent signs of cognitive impairment and abnormalities in brain structure despite suppressive antiretroviral therapy (ART), but they do not appear to experience accelerated decline compared to HIV-negative people as they age, according to research presented at the 2017 Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI) last month in Seattle.
National Association of people with HIV Australia, July 28 2016
On World Hepatitis Day, the National Association of People with HIV Australia (NAPWHA), the Australian Federation of AIDS Organisations (AFAO), the Kirby Institute and Hepatitis Australia are raising awareness about HIV and hepatitis C (HCV) co-infection.
An estimated 3,000 Australians are living both with HIV and HCV. HCV is more prevalent among people with HIV than in the broader population and is a major risk for health complications in people with HIV. HIV worsens hepatitis C-related liver disease, fastens the progression to cirrhosis, and leads to higher rates of death from both liver failure and liver cancer.
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There is a very high incidence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) re-infection among HIV-positive men who have sex with men (MSM) in western Europe, according to research presented to the International Liver Congress in Barcelona.
Investigators found that a quarter of HIV-positive MSM who cleared an initial HCV infection were re-infected with HCV within three years. The researchers believe that current prevention strategies are failing and call for the intensive monitoring of people who have apparently cleared an HCV infection.
nam/aidsmap, produced in collaboration with hivandhepatitis.com, 15 March 2016
HIV-related risk factors seem to increase the risk of stroke – the sudden death of brain cells due to a rupture or obstruction of blood vessels in the brain– according to ongoing research in a growing number of large epidemiological cohort studies.
In addition to traditional cardiovascular risk factors for stroke, HIV-related factors such as viral load and CD4 cell count were significantly associated with the risk of stroke in one study.