Care of a person who has been strangled (information in several languages)

Yarrow Place, October 2020

Youth and Women’s Safety and Wellbeing Division are very pleased to announce the completion of a range of strangulation pamphlets designed for both the consumer and the service provider.

We know strangulation is a common form of assault in the context of domestic and family violence and sexual assault, so these pamphlets have been designed to guide non-medical service providers in responding to disclosures of strangulation as well as offer information and support to victims of strangulation.

Funded by the Commissioner of Victim’s Rights, these pamphlets have been developed in consultation with a broad number of contributors including Aboriginal Cultural Consultation as well as Cultural and Linguistically Diverse consumers. To increase access amongst the broader community, we have also translated the consumer brochure into five languages.

Additionally, we have guidelines for medical practitioners  in relation to the assessment and management of a person who has been strangled and a documentation proforma.

Please find resources below:

Strangulation Pamphlet for Consumers (English)

Strangulation Pamphlet – Arabic

Strangulation Pamphlet – Nepali

Strangulation Pamphlet – Persian

Strangulation Pamphlet – Swahili

Strangulation Pamphlet – Tamil

Strangulation Pamphlet for Service Providers

Strangulation Assessment

Stakeholder List –  Contacts – Strangulation 

Strangulation Documentation form


Research Matters: What does LGBTIQ mean?

Rainbow Health Victoria, 06 Oct 2020

Rainbow Health Victoria has launched a new series of information resources called Research Matters. This series aims to deliver accessible and concise briefings on current research relevant to LGBTIQ health and wellbeing.

This includes looking at concepts and definitions as well as research relevant to particular communities or issues within the LGBTIQ ‘umbrella’. The aim of these papers is to provide knowledge that is useful to you in developing training, resources, policy and service delivery. We also hope to promote thinking and discussion amongst the sectors engaged in LGBTIQ health and wellbeing.

The first issue in this series is Research Matters: What does LGBTIQ mean?. This evidence brief focusses on the concepts of sex, gender and sexuality and what lies underneath the definitions collected together in the acronym ‘LGBTIQ’.


Queer Out Here: LGBTQIA+Inclusion in Rural and Regional Schools (Report)

Minus18, October 2020

Minus18’s Queer Out Here Report is a unique look into LGBTQIA+ experiences in regional and rural schools. What does it mean to be a student or teacher in regional Australia, and what support is needed for LGBTQIA+ youth?

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Undertaken over 131 days, the Queer Out Here project was created as both a consultation project, and an education drive in assessing and enabling LGBTQIA+ inclusion in regional and rural parts of Australia.

Over 1,000 students and teachers participated (both digitally and in-person) from across 55 regional areas to understand experiences across a variety of themes from personal safety, bullying and discrimination to the needs and desires for further support.

New podcast by women living with HIV in Australia “Our Stories: Ending HIV Stigma”

Positive Women Victoria, October 2020

Welcome to Our Stories: Ending HIV Stigma, a podcast about women, by women living with HIV in Australia to challenge the myths and stereotypes that feed HIV stigma. 

We share our stories of achieving our personal and career goals, navigating sex and relationships, and our journey through pregnancy and motherhood in this new era of Undetectable equals Untransmittable (U=U).

Our stories are real, unfiltered and always inspiring.

Episodes so far include:

Hosted by Heather Ellis, a journalist and author, who has lived with HIV since 1995.

Original podcast music by Mark Daniel. Podcast artwork by Carolina Relander.

Listen for free on Spotify, Apple, Google or wherever you download your podcasts.

Joint statement by 33+ countries to promote and protect the rights of intersex people

Intersex Human Rights Australia, 2nd October 2020

Austria has made a statement on behalf of countries from every region of the world, calling on the UN Human Rights Council to investigate and address human rights violations and abuses against intersex persons.

Advocates from around the world worked with colleagues in ILGA World in Geneva to support this work.

U = U: awareness and associations with health outcomes among PLHIV in 25 countries

Okoli CVan de Velde NRichman B, et al

Undetectable equals untransmittable (U = U): awareness and associations with health outcomes among people living with HIV in 25 countries


Objectives ‘Undetectable equals Untransmittable’ (U=U) is an empowering message that may enable people living with HIV (PLHIV) to reach and maintain undetectability. We estimated the percentage of PLHIV who ever discussed U=U with their main HIV care provider, and measured associations with health-related outcomes. Secondarily, we evaluated whether the impact of the U=U message varied between those who heard it from their healthcare provider (HCP) vs from elsewhere.

Methods Data were from the 25-country 2019 Positive Perspectives Survey of PLHIV on treatment (n=2389). PLHIV were classified as having discussed U=U with their HCP if they indicated that their HCP had ever told them about U=U. Those who had not discussed U=U with their HCP but were nonetheless aware that ‘My HIV medication prevents me from passing on HIV to others’ were classified as being made aware of U=U from non-HCP sources. Multivariable logistic regression was used to measure associations between exposure to U=U messages and health outcomes.

Results Overall, 66.5% reported ever discussing U=U with their HCP, from 38.0% (South Korea) to 87.3% (Switzerland). Prevalence was lowest among heterosexual men (57.6%) and PLHIV in Asia (51.3%). Compared with those unaware of U=U, those reporting U=U discussions with their HCP had lower odds of suboptimal adherence (AOR=0.59, 95% CI 0.44 to 0.78) and higher odds of self-reported viral suppression (AOR=2.34, 95% CI 1.72 to 3.20), optimal sexual health (AOR=1.48, 95% CI 1.14 to 1.92) and reporting they ‘always shared’ their HIV status (AOR=2.99, 95% CI 1.42 to 6.28). While exposure to U=U information from non-HCP sources was beneficial too, the observed associations were attenuated relative to those seen with reported discussions with HCPs.

Conclusion HCP discussion of U=U with PLHIV was associated with favourable health outcomes. However, missed opportunities exist since a third of PLHIV reported not having any U=U discussion with their HCP. U=U discussions with PLHIV should be considered as a standard of care in clinical guidelines.