“Mississippi Baby” Now Has Detectable HIV, Researchers Find

 NIH, July 10, 2014

uly 10, 2014 • 0 comments • By NIH Newsroom
uly 10, 2014 • 0 comments • By NIH Newsroom
uly 10, 2014 • 0 comments • By NIH Newsroom

The child known as the “Mississippi baby”—an infant seemingly cured of HIV that was reported as a case study of a prolonged remission of HIV infection in The New England Journal of Medicine last fall—now has detectable levels of HIV after more than two years of not taking antiretroviral therapy without evidence of virus.

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Chlamydia among Australian Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people …

BMC Health Services Research 2014, 14:285  doi:10.1186/1472-6963-14-285

Abstract:

Background

Chlamydia infections are notified at much higher rates in Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people compared to non-Indigenous people. The Australian Collaboration Chlamydia Enhanced Sentinel Surveillance System (ACCESS) was established to complement population-based surveillance.

Methods

We describe patient demographics, completeness of recording of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander (‘Aboriginal’) status, chlamydia testing rates and positivity rates from the Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Service (ACCHSs), General Practice (GP) clinics and Sexual Health Services (SHSs) networks in ACCESS during 2009. Data were extracted from electronic medical records of each participating health service for consultations with patients aged 16-29 years and for chlamydia testing and positivity.

Results

Data were included from 16-29 year olds attending six ACCHSs (n = 4,950); 22 SHSs (n = 20,691) and 25 GP clinics (n = 34,462). Aboriginal status was unknown for 79.3% of patients attending GP clinics, 4.5% attending SHSs and 3.8% of patients attending ACCHSs. Chlamydia testing rates among Aboriginal patients were 19.8% (95%CI:18.6%-21.0%) at ACCHSs, 75.5% (95%CI:72.5%-78.4%) at SHSs and 4.3% (95%CI: 2.6%-6.6%) at GP clinics. Positivity rates were highest in Aboriginal patients tested at SHSs at 22.7% (95%CI:19.5%-26.2%), followed by 15.8% (95%CI:3.8%-43.4%) at GP clinics and 8.6% at ACCHSs (95%CI:7.9%-12.4%). This compared with non-Indigenous patients positivity rates at SHSs of 12.7% (95% CI:12.2-13.2%); 8.6% (7.2%-11.3%) at GP clinics and 11.3% at ACCHSs (95%CI:15.4%-24.9%).

Conclusions

Higher chlamydia positivity in Aboriginal people across a range of clinical services is reflected in national notification data. Targeted efforts are required to improve testing rates in primary care services; to improve identification of Aboriginal patients in mainstream services such as GP clinics; and to better engage with young Aboriginal Australians.

The complete article is available as a provisional PDF.

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