by Sada Mire, The Guardian, Mon 9 Mar 2020 19.00 AEDT
Over the last century there have been numerous global resolutions, and FGM is now acknowledged internationally as a human rights violation. It has been criminalised in several western nations, including the UK, and in 19 African countries, FGM carries some sort of penalty. Media campaigns have helped. And grassroots organisations in the west, in Africa and in other affected countries are fighting the practice incessantly.
But as an archaeologist I’ve been researching the history of FGM, and I’ve found it to be far more deep-rooted in cultural traditions than most campaigners – not to mention many who practice it – realise. These roots are long forgotten, even within the north-eastern African societies where it began. And this lack of knowledge has hampered efforts to tackle the issue.
Advocates for Youth, Answer and Youth Tech Health (YTH), September 2016
Advocates for Youth, Answer and Youth Tech Health (YTH) have launched AMAZE an online sexual education resource aimed specifically at 10-14 year olds.
They have created a series of videos which aim to be humorous and engaging while helping young people learn about sex & relationships. The idea being reinforced is that sexual development is normal and healthy, and that education in this area is empowerment.
Accurate, balanced sex education – including information about contraception and condoms – is a basic human right of youth. Such education helps young people to reduce their risk of potentially negative outcomes, such as unwanted pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Such education can also help youth to enhance the quality of their relationships and to develop decision-making skills that will prove invaluable over life. This basic human right is also a core public health principle.
A national survey of the sexual health of Australian secondary students has been carried out approximately every five years since 1992, each survey wave funded by the Australian Government Department of Health. In the latest iteration, new questions were added about use of the internet, technology, and social media; attitudes toward fertility, reasons for virginity and experiences with sexuality and relationship education at school.