How HIV Possibly Jumped From Monkey To Man

Asian Scientist, April 12, 2018

Scientists in Japan have discovered a protein that may have enabled the simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) to be transmitted to humans. Their findings are published in Cell Host & Microbe. The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is believed to have evolved from a SIV that originated in chimpanzees.

‘Shock and kill’ therapy offers fresh hope for HIV cure, researchers say

PBS Newshour, December 15, 2016 at 11:00 AM EST

A new small-scale human trial of the promising “shock and kill” treatment is starting this week in New York and two sister sites, in Germany and Denmark. 

Another small human study will start in January, followed by a larger human shock and kill trial in June.

The HIV research community is increasingly optimistic about this approach to eradicating HIV from infected patients. Such removal of all traces of the virus from an individual’s body would represent an actual cure.

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West African HIV-2 prevalence associated with lower historical male circumcision rate

Medical News Today, 

Cities with substantial uncircumcised populations in 1950 tended to have higher HIV-2 prevalence from 1985.

In West African cities, male circumcision rates in 1950 were negatively correlated with HIV-2 prevalence from 1985, according to a study published in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by João Sousa from the University of Leuven, Belgium, and colleagues.

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  • Access journal paper (open access) here

HIV-Related Virus Has Existed in Primates for Millions of Years

LiveScience, August 27, 2015 03:05pm ET

Viruses related to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have infected Old World monkeys as far back as 16 million years ago, according to a new study. The research provides insight into how monkeys evolved and adapted to the simian version of HIV, and why some viruses can jump from one species to another.

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  • Access study in PLOS Pathogens here

Gorillas source of two HIV-1 lineages

Reuters, Tuesday, 3 March 2015

Half the lineages of the main type of human immunodeficiency virus, HIV-1, originated in gorillas in Cameroon before infecting people, probably via bushmeat hunting, a new study has found.

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