Are We Blinded by Desire? Relationship Motivation and Sexual Risk-Taking Intentions during Condom Negotiation

The Journal of Sex Research, Shayna Skakoon-Sparling & Kenneth M. Cramer (2019) DOI: 10.1080/00224499.2019.1579888

ABSTRACT

Effective condom negotiation skills support better sexual health for both men and women. The current study explored relationship motivation (motivation to establish and maintain long-term romantic relationships), gender, and sexual orientation as factors influencing the condom negotiation process.

Participants (177 heterosexual women, 157 heterosexual men, and 106 men who have sex with men) read a vignette describing an encounter with a hypothetical new sexual/romantic partner and responded to embedded items and scales.

Stronger relationship motivation predicted increased willingness to have condomless sex among women who perceived greater familiarity with the hypothetical partner. Gender and sexual orientation predicted different preferences for condom insistence strategies.

The findings suggest that there are a number of conditions that make it more difficult to recognize risk during a sexual encounter and demonstrate how the process of condom negotiation can be impacted by gender, sexual orientation, and relationship motivation.

HIV diagnoses hit seven year low: Australia’s annual HIV figures released

Kirby Institute, UNSW, Monday, 24 September 2018

Australia has recorded its lowest level of HIV diagnoses in seven years, according to a new report from the Kirby Institute at UNSW Sydney.

The report, released at the Australasian HIV&AIDS Conference in Sydney, found that there were 963 new HIV diagnoses in 2017, the lowest number since 2010.

Researchers are attributing the promising results to more people getting tested for HIV, more people living with HIV starting treatment which reduces the risk of HIV transmission to effectively zero, and an increased use of pre-exposure prophylaxis (or PrEP, an HIV prevention pill).

However, it is not all good news. According to the report, a quarter of new HIV diagnoses in 2017 were among heterosexuals, with a 10% increase in diagnoses over the past five years.

Among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations, HIV diagnoses have been increasing over the past five years, with rates almost two times higher than the Australian-born non-Indigenous population in 2017.

Evidence that “on-demand” PrEP taken before and after sex can prevent HIV

How many doses of Truvada-based PrEP (pre-exposure prophylaxis) are needed to provide adequate protection against HIV? Might it be possible to take PrEP only before and after sex—instead of every day?

A recent article published in The Lancet HIV provides insight into this very question.

  • Read more here
  • Access Lancet HIV abstract here (for full text please see your librarian)

Risky sexual behavior by young men with HIV who have sex with men

Science Daily, December 7, 2015

Young men who have sex with men and have detectable levels of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) were more likely to report condomless anal sex, including with a partner not infected with HIV, than virologically suppressed young men who have sex with men, according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.

Read more here

PrEP demo project finds the people at highest HIV risk generally take PrEP most consistently

nam, 27 July 2015

An open-label demonstration project of Truvada pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) in the United States has found generally high retention and adherence rates, with the highest adherence among those at the highest risk of HIV.

Read more here

Report: Gay Community Periodic Survey – Adelaide 2014

Centre for Social Research in Health, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, UNSW Australia, April 2015

The Adelaide Gay Community Periodic Survey is a cross-sectional survey of
gay and homosexually active men recruited at a range of gay community sites
in Adelaide. The major aim of the survey is to provide data on sexual, drug
use, and testing practices related to the transmission of HIV and other sexually
transmissible infections (STIs) among gay men. The most recent survey, the tenth
in South Australia, was conducted between November and December 2014 to
coincide with the Adelaide Feast Festival.

Download report (PDF) here